Texas

After decades of being “tough on crime,” Texas opens up to smarter approaches and criminal justice reform.

History of Legislation:

1974:  
Texas passes the habitual offenders statute stating that an offender who has been found guilty of a third felony must be sentenced to no less than 25 years imprisonment.  

2015:  
HB 1396  included several provisions including raising property threshold amounts that trigger felony theft offenses for a range of criminal code violations. 

HB 1083 requires the Texas Department of Criminal Justice to conduct a mental health assessment of people prior to sending them to administrative segregation. The department may not send assessed people to segregation if the examining medical or mental health professional finds that such a placement is unsuitable. 

HB 1546 revises the awarding of time credits for participation in educational, vocational, or treatment programming for people incarcerated on state jail felonies. Under the new law, a court may make a finding at sentencing that a person sentenced for a state jail felony is presumptively entitled to earned time credit and the Department of Criminal Justice (DCJ) may then award the credit once earned. If the judgment does not find presumptive eligibility for earned credit, the DCJ may report information regarding a person’s participation in eligible programming for the court’s consideration, and the court may decide whether to award earned time credit. 

SB 578 requires the State Department of Criminal Justice to create a county-specific resource guide detailing organizations that provide reentry and reintegration assistance. The resource guide will be publicly available to all inmates and the public.

 

QUICK FACTS

       State expenses/budget: 

  • Average annual cost per inmate= $21,390
  • Total cost of prisons= $3.3 billion
  • Texas Department of Criminal Justice budget= $2.5 billion 

       State Population: 26.96 million people

       Incarcerated Population: 142,674 people

 

How You Can Advocate for Sentencing Reform in Your State

You can do several things to work toward reforming your state’s sentencing laws – go to our get involved page to find out how.

Encourage your state lawmakers to support mandatory minimum sentencing reform. Be sure to connect with FAMM and other sentencing reformers on Facebook, Twitter, and by signing up for our email list.

Sentencing/Criminal Justice Reform Groups in this State:



March 17, 2017

Texas Lawmakers Tackle Range Of Criminal Justice Reforms This Session

Originally seen in Kera News There’s not much Republicans and Democrats seem to agree on in Austin these days, but criminal justice reform is one area that has found bipartisan support over the past decade.  This year, lawmakers have introduced scores of proposals intended to improve the way police, courts, jails and prisons do business in… Read more »


March 6, 2017

People In Houston Are No Longer Going To Jail For Marijuana Possession

Originally seen in The Huffington Post.  Beginning on Wednesday, people who are caught with small amounts of marijuana in Harris County, Texas, will no longer earn a trip to jail. Under the new policy, announced last month, police in Texas’ most populous county will instead offer four-hour drug education classes to anybody found with less… Read more »


March 3, 2017

Feds can follow Texas Criminal Justice Reform

Complete article found via Caller Times The United States is home to the largest prison population on earth. Many prisoners are there on nonviolent drug charges. These individuals do not necessarily present an imminent danger to society. The danger to our society lies in our unsustainable incarceration rate, with overflowing prisons, and hardworking taxpayers footing the… Read more »