Missouri

History of Legislation:

1994:
“Truth in Sentencing” Act passed, therefore individuals convicted of a Class A felony must serve 85% of their sentence before being parole eligible. This is also known as the 85% Law. It resulted in:

  • an increase per capita rate of incarceration
  • the prison population grew, increasing 9x in the last 30 years
  • the cost of corrections increasing from 220 million in 1994 to 680 million in 2014

May 2012:
Bill was passed to reduce crack-powder cocaine disparity by increasing the amount of crack cocaine that triggers mandatory minimum sentences. It has gone from 75:1 to 18:1, as of now.

Jan 2016:
HB 2036 passed to reduce the 85% requirement to 40% upon the condition of a board review and their discretion to recommend parole or clemency.

 

 QUICK FACTS

    Missouri Dept. of Corrections Budget: $503.9 million 

    State Expenses: $680.5 million

    State Population: 6 million

    State Incarceration Rate: 518 out of every 100,000 imprisoned

    Misc:

  • 9th highest incarceration in the world
  • 37% incarcerated are labeled as “minimum custody level” or low-level, nonviolent

          

How You Can Advocate for Sentencing Reform in Your State

You can do several things to work toward reforming your state’s sentencing laws – go to our get involved page to find out how.

Encourage your state lawmakers to support mandatory minimum sentencing reform. Be sure to connect with FAMM and other sentencing reformers on Facebook, Twitter, and by signing up for our email list.

Sentencing/Criminal Justice Reform Groups in this State:


February 6, 2017

Mo. Governor Tops 100 Pardons

Originally seen in Corrections One. JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. — For 16 years as Missouri attorney general, Jay Nixon’s job was to be tough on crime. His office argued against seemingly countless appeals from people challenging their convictions and sentences. As he nears the end of his tenure as governor — and a lengthy political career… Read more »


February 6, 2017

Minor Marijuana Possession Offenses No Longer Punishable By Jail

Originally seen in The Daily Chronic. COLUMBIA, MO — Sentencing reforms took effect on January 1, 2017 eliminating the threat of jail time for some first-time marijuana offenders. Under the newly enacted law, first-time offenders who possess no more than ten grams of cannabis face a $500 fine, but no threat of incarceration. However, the act… Read more »


February 6, 2017

Missouri Bill Could Get Rid of Mandatory Minimum Sentences

Originally seen in KSHB. JEFFERSON City, Mo – The 2017 Missouri General Assembly session, which begins on Wednesday, could bring a number of changes to state issues, including sentencing guidelines for certain criminals. House Bill 38, sponsored by State Rep. Galen Higdon (R – District 11), aims to get rid of mandatory minimum sentences in… Read more »


January 7, 2017

Mo. governor tops 100 pardons

Originally appeared in The Daily Chronic JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. — For 16 years as Missouri attorney general, Jay Nixon’s job was to be tough on crime. His office argued against seemingly countless appeals from people challenging their convictions and sentences. As he nears the end of his tenure as governor — and a lengthy political… Read more »