Roll Back Mandatory Minimum Sentences and Allow Judges to Measure out Punishment

Post Date: March 27, 2014

(Deseret News Editorial) — A bipartisan measure in Congress to roll back mandatory minimum prison terms is a welcome effort to reform federal criminal law sentencing. Excessive sentences harm individuals convicted, who sometimes spend decades in jail for drug crimes far less heinous than murder or rape. More importantly, unwarranted sentences harm our penal system, mocking principles of justice and mercy.

Current sentencing standards are the result of harsh anti-criminal measures dating to the late 1980s and early 1990s, as the use of crack cocaine in urban areas reached heightened proportions. Removing discretion from judges through the imposition of mandatory sentences for particular crimes was seen as a way to get tough on drug traffickers.

This has led to an explosion in the total prison population, which has more than tripled from 443,838 in 1984 to 1,537,414 in 2011. An article in today’s Deseret News highlights the devastating impact. Stephanie Nodd of Mobile, Ala., was among those trapped by them.

Nodd, who admitted to selling crack cocaine, helped another drug dealer learn the ropes. She claimed she never handled, sold or transported drugs — but was a courier for cash. Charged in a federal drug sting with 18 kilos of cocaine, she became subject to a mandatory sentence of 30 years in prison — even though it was a first offense, and even though she committed no violent crimes.

Stephanie Nodd ended up serving 21 years. As the Deseret News reports, “the average convicted rapist in the era in which Stephanie was convicted served 5.4 years of a 12-year sentence. … Today, in her native Alabama, the mandatory minimum for Class A felonies, including rape and kidnapping, is 10 years. Manslaughter, a Class B felony, carries a minimum of two years and a maximum of 20. The typical street-level dealer, the classification that would come closest to describing Stephanie, was sometimes in and out of county lock up the same day.”

Nodd’s story is repeated endlessly across the nation. And that’s one reason we support the Smarter Sentencing Act, Senate Bill 1410, a measure brought forward by Democratic Sen. Richard Durbin, D-Ill., and Republican Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah. The bill passed the Senate Judiciary Committee, and has the support of the U.S. attorney general. Read more